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BRK GLOBAL HEALTHCARE JOURNAL


BRK Global Healthcare Journal is global health peer-review journal focusing on global health issues of women and other vulnerable groups around the globe. The journal accepts original work to include case studies, empirical studies, and meta-analysis and theoretical papers. The journal article is written in the 6 edition of APA format. The journal articles are published biannually. The published manuscript become the sole property of the Journal and will be copyrighted by BRK Global Healthcare Consulting, LLC In addition, the author(s) explicitly assign(s) any copyrighted ownership he/she (they) may have in such manuscript to the Journal. By submitting a manuscript to the Journal, the author(s) agree(s) to these conditions. If you are interested in submitting a journal article, please send manuscript to editor at BRKennedy @brkhealthcare@gmail.com for publication.

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Articles featured on this website are opinion pieces composed by the authors, and not necessarily those of the editors or BRK Global Healthcare Journal. While every effort is made to ensure that the content of this website is accurate.

BRK Global Healthcare Journal

ISBN: 978-1-5323-4858-7

Editorial Board

Bernice Robert Kennedy, PhD, APRN, MSN, PMH-CNS, BC

  • Professor; Researcher; Consultant
  • BRK Global Healthcare Consulting, LLC

Angela Woods-Johnson, DHSc, MSN, RN, CCM

  • TCM Case Manager
  • U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Nursing Services (ONS)

Chalice C. Jenkins, Ph.D., LPC, NCC

  • Assistant Clinical Professor in the Department of Counseling & Family Therapy in the College of Nursing and Health Professions.
  • Drexel University

Tracee Smith, PhD

  • Adjunct Faculty in Human Services
  • Alcorn State University

Journal Articles

Year 2018

Volume 2

 

 

 

1.African American Women and Depression:  Promoting the Need for Culturally Competent Treatment

Bernice Roberts Kennedy, PhD, PMN-CNS, BC

Chalice C. Jenkins, PhD, LPC, NCC

 

 

Abstract

Depression is gradually increasing in African American women. These women are experiencing role changes and additional life stressors. Depressed African American women may perceive themselves as being devalued by society with fewer support systems to buffer stressful events. Depressive symptoms may develop into clinical depression and a further decrease in the quality of life for the African American woman. The assumption that all women share similar experiences does not allow for differences to emerge regarding the diagnostic process, measuring tools, and successful treatment strategies for various cultures. The authors developed a Multifaceted Model of Depression in African American Women for improving treatment of African American women with depression and future research needs. Cultural background plays a vital role in how the symptoms of mental illnesses are developed, reported, interpreted, and how women are treated.

African Americans who subscribed to the Strong Black Women Archetype (SBWA) are naturally strong, resilient, self-contained, and self-sacrificing. This self-reliance prevents them from reaching out for social support. This, in turn, can contribute to depressive symptoms with negative health outcomes. The African American women are more apt to have less access to routine medical care where early diagnosis and interventions can be done, so their mental health problems (e.g., depression, stress, etc.) are often more developed, complicated, and their social supports more depleted when they do access treatment. When African American women do have access to mental health care, they receive poor quality care compared to Whites.

 

Copyright BRK Global Healthcare Journal, 2018, 978-1-5323-4858-7

 

Key Words: African American Women, depression; Strong Black Women Archetype; disparities; health promotion; health disparities; diagnosis; stress; social support; coping; health outcomes.

Received: October 6, 2018; Accepted: October 30, 2018; Published: May 10, 2019

 

Corresponding Author: Bernice Roberts Kennedy, PhD, APRN, PMN-CNS, BC, Research Consultant, BRK Global Healthcare Consulting Firm, LLC, P.O 90899, Columbia, South Carolina, 29209, USA. E-mail: brkhealthcare@gmail.com.

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  1. 2. Women and HIV: Gender Inequalities of Women Contributing to HIV Pandemic around the Globe

Bernice Roberts Kennedy, PhD, PMN-CNS, BC

Chalice C. Jenkins, PhD, LPC, NCC

Abstract

HIV/AIDS is a global health problem affecting women around the globe.  The term global health refers to the goal of improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide.   HIV is a virus that destroys the immune system. AIDS is the last stage of the virus. During this stage there is little to no immune system left to fight off other infections or cancers. This virus can be acquired by men, women, and children of any age. HIV is the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age. This paper is an analytical review of research and literature related to the contributing factors to the rise of HIV in women, treatment and policy development. The model: Global Model: Gender Inequalities of Women Contributing to   HIV Pandemic around the Globe was used in conceptualizing gender inequality and power imbalances between men and women contributing to the incidence and prevalence of HIV of women around the globe. Global health problems such as HIV/AIDs are best addressed by collaborate efforts and solutions that involve more than one country.  More research is needed collaboratively on for the treatment of women around the globe.  Collaborative efforts are needed for empowerment, improving treatment and educating women on HIV/AIDS    Policy development is needed in changing laws to promote gender equality for women around the globe.

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Copyright BRK Global Healthcare Journal, 2018, 978-1-5323-4858-7

 

Key Words: Women, females; global; HIV/AIDS; inequalities; health promotion; health disparities; treatment; policy development

Received: October 6, 2018; Accepted: October 30, 2018; Published: May 10, 2019

Corresponding Author: Bernice Roberts Kennedy, PhD, APRN, PMN-CNS, BC, Research Consultant, BRK Global Healthcare Consulting Firm, LLC, P.O 90899, Columbia, South Carolina, 29209, USA. E-mail: brkhealthcare@gmail.com.

Journal Articles

Year 2017
Volume 1

1. Global Perspective on Violence of Women and Children: Advocacy on Preventing 21 Century Slavery

Dr. Bernice Robert Kennedy

Abstract

Violence against women and children is a public health problem. Furthermore, violence against women is a human rights issue affecting women and children around the globe. Structure violence is often embedded in the world system which is centered on social inequalities among various populations in countries especially women and children. Lack of equality and empowerment socially, culturally and politically keep women from overcoming subjugation of violence. Around the globe, women and children lack basic rights of protection from the abuse from perpetrators. Globalization has increased the condition for “new slavery” because it transcends national borders. Therefore, knowledge and awareness of global violence of women and children have increased globally. This paper identified the common global violence acts toward women and children around the globe. The author developed a model use as a guide for conceptualizing the social inequalities of women and children around the globe contributing to their violence: Global Model for Conceptualizing Violence against Women and Children. In this model, access to health and human services is needed for women and children victims of violence around the global. The current status and future needs of policy development are addressed.

Copyright BRK Global Healthcare Journal, 2017, 978-1-5323-4858-7

Key Words: Women, children, global violence; Inequalities; structure violence; health disparities.

Received: June 6, 2017; Accepted: July 30, 2017 ; Published: August 16, 2017

Corresponding Author: Bernice Roberts Kennedy, PhD, APRN, PMN-CNS, BC, Research Consultant, BRK Global Healthcare Consulting Firm, LLC, P.O 90899, Columbia, South Carolina, 29209, USA. E-mail: brkhealthcare@gmail.com.

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2. African American Women Speak: A Phenomenological Study of African American Women’s Beliefs and Perceptions about Compliance to Treatment Regimen in the Healthcare System

Dr. Bernice Robert Kennedy

Abstract

African Americans comprise approximately 13% of the U.S. Population; however African American women are in the upper percentile of healthcare diseases that are preventable such as cardiovascular disorders (e.g., heart disease, blood pressure, and strokes), cancer, and diabetes and HIV/AIDS. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to provide a forum for African American women living in a southeastern state of the United States to share their experiences with the healthcare system and health practices. The Health Belief Model was a useful health promotion framework in guiding this study. This study sought to answer the following research question: (a) What do African American women report about their beliefs and perceptions about affecting treatment regimen in the healthcare system. The research study consisted of 50 African American women recruited from various communities in one rural county of a southern state in United States. Results of findings consist of nine themes: The nine themes were as follows: (a) distrust of health care providers; (b) difficulties communicating to health provider; (c) poor quality of patient education instructions; (d) lack of knowledge about treatment regimen; (e) Inadequate time management and inability to manage health treatment regimen; (f) inadequate access to care; (f) unaffordable cost; (g) lack of healthy lifestyle practices; and (i) inadequate coping skills. The community /public health nurse is in a key position to advocate and promote health promotion programs for vulnerable groups in communities. Forming partnerships would be useful in developing programs to improve the overall health needs of African American women. Culture competent education for health professionals remains a critical issue in the current health system when improving compliance to treatment regimen for African American. Future research needs to examine the contributing psychosocial factors of African Americans and compliance to treatment regime.

Copyright BRK Global Healthcare Journal, 2017, 978-1-5323-4858-7

Key Words: African American women; compliance; treatment regimen; health belief; health disparities; access to care; culture competent.

Received: June 6, 2017; Accepted: July 30, 2017 ; Published: August 16, 2017

Corresponding Author: Bernice Roberts Kennedy, PhD, APRN, PMN-CNS, BC, Research Consultant, BRK Global Healthcare Consulting Firm, LLC, P.O 90899, Columbia, South Carolina, 29209, USA. E-mail: brkhealthcare@gmail.com.

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3. Intimate Partner Violence: Promoting the Need for Adequate Screening, Assessment and Interventions for Physical and Mental Conditions Resulting from Intimate Partner Violence

Dr. Bernice Robert Kennedy

Abstract

Intimate partner violence is a public health problem having tremendous impact on women’s health. Also, intimidate partner violence, also known as domestic violence is the primary cause of injury to women in the United States. Physical and psychiatric problems are the result of domestic violence with victims having increase use of health services compared to those not abused. Often, domestic violence is not identified in the health services organizations when victims access health care. This analytical review of the literature addressed existing research and literature on the current status of intimate partner violence. The Holistic Model Based on Adequate Screening, Assessment and Interventions for Improving the Health Outcomes in Victims of Intimate Partner Violence is a useful model for guiding health professionals in recognizing the relevant of violence when women present certain illnesses in diverse health services organizations. Strategies for improving the health outcomes for this group include: (a) adequate screening, assessment and interventions; (b) more education for health professionals on assessing victims of violence; (c) domestic violence included in the curriculum of universities and colleges for health professionals; (d) continuing education on domestic violence in the workplace; and (e) assess for signs and symptoms of domestic violence and conduct valid screening and assessment tools on patients in certain health services organizations when women access care. More policy development is needed for victims of intimate partner violence to improve health outcomes.

Copyright BRK Global Healthcare Journal, 2017, 978-1-5323-4858-7

Key Words: Women, domestic violence; intimate partner violence ; inequalities; physical health conditions; mental health conditions; screening; assessment; intervention.

Received: June 6, 2017; Accepted: July 30, 2017 ; Published: August 16, 2017

Corresponding Author: Bernice Roberts Kennedy, PhD, APRN, PMN-CNS, BC, Research Consultant, BRK Global Healthcare Consulting Firm, LLC, P.O 90899, Columbia, South Carolina, 29209, USA. E-mail: brkhealthcare@gmail.com.

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